Micron Size & Surface
Cartridges come in a variety of different ‘micron’, or pore sizes and types of surface areas. The type of surface or micron size is dependant on what is in your water and what you are trying to filter out. If you are unsure of what cartridges you need, E-Mail us or call us at 1-800-955-8561.
What is a Micron?
A micron (or micrometer) is sometimes represented by the symbol µ and is a unit of measurement for how small of particles a filter will catch. The lower the micron size, the tinier the ‘holes’ in the filter cartridge are that allows water to pass through, ranging from 150 microns all the way down to 0.1 absolute microns.
What is Pore Size Efficiency?
“Why wouldn’t everyone just buy the smallest micron size to filter out everything?”
Depending on what you have in your water, in most cases, simply using a small micron filter is inefficient. While it will catch more particles, because there is no larger micron filtering before the smaller one, the filter will be catching every particle, like sand and sediment, which will cause lower water pressure coming out of a system and require the filter to be changed more frequently than it should need to be.
Absolute versus Nominal Ratings
Absolute micron filters are laboratory tested under strictly defined criteria and have a rejection rate of 98.6% and higher for the stated micron size. Absolute micron filters are typically used in the final filtering stages of a system for sterilization of the product water.
Nominal micron filters have a rating of 50-98% rejection rate for the stated micron size. Contaminant concentration and water pressure have a definite impact on the effectiveness of the filter. Most filters are nominal unless otherwise stated.
Gradient Density Cartridges
Gradient density cartridges are multi-layered sediment cartridges with different micron sizes for each layer. The outer layer is a greater micron size and traps larger particles allowing smaller particles to penetrate deeper into the cartridge, where the inner layers closer to the core are a smaller micron size. What this does is increase the life, surface area and sediment holding capacity of a cartridge.
Hydraulic fracturing (sometimes referred to as fracking or hydrofracking) is a relatively new form of natural gas extraction.
The fluids used in the fracking process flow back to the surface, often entering the water table or polluting the drilling area, and sometimes improper disposal of waste water from the wells.
As our technology advances, so do new forms of pollution and contaminants that effect our environment and our health.
Read more about drinking water contaminants and their health effects.
Chlorine has long been recognized as an oxidative agent, meaning that it not only kills the germs in the water supply; it will damage any living tissue with which it comes in contact. And your skin, like the rest of your organs, is living tissue. But that’s not the only problem.
Since the discovery of its health benefits in the mid-1940’s, fluoride is often added to the public water supplies of industrialized countries in order to reduce the populations tooth decay, which is especially effective in low income communities, where good dental hygiene may be too costly.
Chromium-6 was found in the drinking water supply of the southern California town of Hinkley and brought to national attention by Erin Brockovich.
The EPA is reviewing effects of Chromium-6 after a recent report brought to light dangerous levels in a number of major US cities.
Giardia is a flagellated protozoan parasite that colonizes and reproduces in the small intestines of humans and other animals, which can cause giardiasis.
Symptoms of Giardiasis usually show after 3 to 4 days, and include gastrointestinal and constitutional problems.
Cryptosporidiosis is a disease caused by the parasite Cryptosporidium parvum.
Since a outbreak in 1993 in Wisconson, new attention has been focused on determining and reducing the risk for Cryptosporidiosis from community and municipal water supplies.
What is ultraviolet light? Do I need to filter the water before the UV process? How exactly can light kill organisms?
Visit our ‘How Ultraviolet Purification Works‘ guide to find out how it works.
The typical water softener is a mechanical appliance that’s plumbed into your home’s water supply system. All water softeners use the same operating principle: They trade the minerals for something else, in most cases sodium. The process is called ion exchange. More…
Step by step instructions on installing replacement cartridges and sanitizing filter housings. It is highly recommended that you clean and sanitize your system once a year.
Step by step instructions on making a connection with Twist and Lock fittings. Twist-Lock fittings allow you to connect and disconnect tubing without the need of tools.
Step by step instructions on making a connection with SharkBite Push-To-Connect fittings. SharkBite fittings allow you to connect and disconnect pipes without the need of using PVC glue or welding copper.
A micron is a unit of measurement for how small of particles a filter will catch. The lower the micron size, the tinier the ‘holes’ in the filter cartridge are that allows water to pass through, ranging from 0.1 absolute to 150 microns.
Use our Pore Size Efficiency Guide to find out what micron size to use.
Pleated sediment cartridges remove dirt, rust and sediment from water while providing an increased surface area and longer life. Pleated filters down to 5 microns are washable and reusable.
Use our Pleated Sediment Cartridge Comparison to find the filter cartridge you need.
When brewing beer with tap or bottled water, chlorine and chloramine present in the water can combine with malt phenols in the wort to create a compound called chlorophenol, which can give the beer a medicinal taste.
View our Filtered Water for Home Beer Brewing guide.
Bottled water requires a lot of resources to manufacture and ship, and costs a lot more than reverse osmosis water.
Use our Bottled Water Cost Calculator to find out how much of an impact you have on the environment.